News about prophecies of the end of the world .I hope you enjoy this website.

June 25, 2011


Missouri River Flyover of Nuclear Plant (NE) and Devastation - June 23, ...

Big Sun Flares and 2 Big Earthquakes 24 06 2011 Today Sonnene...


Area 51 Worker Reveal Threat of Nibiru Annunaki Demons Atack

Planet X Nibiru Nasa 2012 Doomsday Info Leaked

MUST SEE!!! The First Signs of Nibiru in the Northern Sky!

Shocking evidence that 2012 will happen!!! (Official Video)

The Biggest Secret Ever

The Truth About The Economy: Total Collapse

2012 - Alien Resurrection & World War III

Signs of the End!


2012 GALACTIC EVENT to take place.

2012: Will you Survive?

Getting Things Done: in canada with the AMERO

The Amero Is Here

Collapse of the Dollar - Rise of the Amero

June 21, 2011

June 20, 2011

Collapse - The End Of The Age Of Oil - PART 1 of 6

Collapse - The End Of The Age Of Oil - PART 2 of 6

Collapse - The End Of The Age Of Oil - PART 3 of 6

Collapse - The End Of The Age Of Oil - PART 4 of 6

Collapse - The End Of The Age Of Oil - PART 5 of 6

Collapse - The End Of The Age Of Oil - PART 6 of 6

'Collapse' Clip - Las Vegas

Michael Ruppert Truth

Mike Ruppert Predicts Economic Chaos for Summer 2011

June 18, 2011

The Comet Elenin may produce greatest meteor showers in history

The unusual Comet Elenin is expected to pass within 21 million miles of Earth on October 16, 2011 and speeding by at more than 85,000 mph—so fast it could travel from Earth to the Moon in less than five hours.

Discovered by amateur Russian astronomer Leonid Elenin in Lyubertsy, Russia on December 10, 2010—who accessed the International Scientific Optical Network's robotic observatory near Mayhill, New Mexico—the astronomical community has erupted with the excited possibility the celestial traveller could generate the most spectacular meteor showers ever recorded.

Although the comet's path is expected to change as it draws closer to the sun, astronomical calculations appear to show Elenin's perihelion occurring well inside Earth's orbit by September 5th.

Astronomers believe the comet will be visible with a good pair of field binoculars about the middle of August. After then it should become visible in the Northern hemisphere's predawn sky with the naked eye.

Comet watchers claim that the huge dust trail behind Elenin might become very bright with the tail glowing across the night sky.

The Earth is expected to pass through the giant tail, and the debris may generate fantastic meteor showers for as long as two and a half months.

Comet generates controversy and conspiracy theories:

Recently, a growing number of conspiracy theories have sprung up around the discovery of the long-period comet. Some are linking its appearance on the other side of the sun to the 9.0 earthquake that devastated northern Japan. Others believe it may fulfill the "prediction" some read into the end of the Mayan calendar on December 21, 2012.

A few, with private channels to unnamed professional sky watchers claim the comet's orbit is unstable and may encounter dark bodies such as the cometary debris known as the "Taurid objects." They go on to argue that Elenin carries a huge cloud of material with it and if the orbital path remains consistent the Earth will collide with that debris.

Of course, many astronomers anticipate that happening. It's why there would be astounding meteor showers after the comet's passing.

Elenin's orbital path seems to be constantly changing, however, as it falls inwards towards the sun. As one observer has noted, when Leonid Elenin discovered the comet calculations indicated it would pass by Earth at a distance almost nine times the distance of the Sun. Now, however, recalculations reveal that distance has significantly shrunk to as low as 0.15 AU.

Further perturbations in Elenin's orbital path may be affected by it's passage through the Oort belt—a huge halo of cometary bodies, giant asteroids and debris that encircles the outer solar system.

Villard points out that "The closest ever-recoded flyby of Earth was comet Lexell in 1770, which passed at 1.4 million miles. On Jan. 26th that year a magnitude 9.0 earthquake took place off the west coast of the North America."

Comets and earthquakes again. Could there really be a connection after all?

Although some insist there is a connection ["NASA's Website Accidentally Predicts Another Catastrophic Earthquake in 2011"] virtually all astronomers and geophysicists say no way.

So what can be expected? Well, if all goes right the greatest night time sky show seen in hundreds of years will occur.


NASA proofsThat Comet Elenin Is Affecting Earth

This is going to be the most extraordinary communication so fasten your seatbelts; we are in for a rough ride. I have known in my heart for months that I would have to make a communication like this but had no idea it would be this soon.

Back in January, while investigating the underground city that is alleged to have been built under the new Denver Airport, reported on by the former governor Jesse Ventura, I put the puzzle together and came to the conclusion that a planetary event was in store for us in 2012.

Today I am presenting rock solid information; it does not get any better when NASA is your source. What you are about to read and see is happening. Last night, looking at a NASA mathematical model of comet Elenin, I found out that a large celestial body has already penetrated the solar system and is on course for a near and possibly horrific encounter with the earth in the fall of 2011.

What we do not know is the size and mass of comet Elenin though I have no doubt that it is known by the authorities.

Elenin is presently being tracked as it goes through the asteroid belt on its way into the inner solar system. I am truly sorry to have to be the bearer of such grave and threatening news but the source, NASA, is impeccable. We have an incoming mass (what might possibly be a neutron star) coming in and it will do a hard turn around the sun like any comet would, crossing and coming in between Mercury and Venus before starting its journey back out.

On its way out it will cross our bow, meaning it will pass very close to the earth and the earth will pass behind it, plowing into its tail.

In the video below you will see this explained graphically. What you will see with mathematical precision is that every time this celestial body comes into alignment with the earth and sun we have a huge earthquake.

The last three alignments produced the Japanese 9.0 quake, the one in New Zealand and before that the one in Chile. On March 11th Elenin was much farther out. When the next alignment happens it will be devastatingly close. The main point to understand is that if Elenin was just a normal comet it would not have the mass to generate a gravity pull that would affect the earth when the earth swings around into alignment.

David Morrison, Astrobiology Senior Scientist at NASA, in an official communication on March 1st acknowledged no threat from Elenin. Ten days later Elenin came into alignment with the earth and the sun . . . and Japan was almost destroyed.

Morrison confirmed that Elenin’s perihelion (closest to the sun) is in early September 2011 at a distance from the sun of 40-45 million miles. He said it will be closest to the earth on about October 16, at a distance of about 21 million miles, but he believes there is no reason to think Elenin is any different from a normal comet. I wonder if he changed his mind after March 11th. He dismisses everything alarming as pure fiction.

This is the real deal though—that alignment did happen as we can clearly see from the NASA simulation. Now we have to live with increasing radiation spreading around the northern hemisphere. We know how easy it is for people in authority to cover up information and lie with a straight face.

The Japanese government admitted it kept in secret at least 5000 radiation measurements and assessments after the nuclear event that struck the Fukushima Daiichi NPP in March. This was done in order to not induce panic in the population, a representative of the staff dealing with the nuclear emergency told ITAR-TASS.

We have to acknowledge and accept that there is a danger and a possibility that part of our civilization and the people in it will be lost. This is not a time to deny anything or a time to hold back the tears.

I hope to God I am wrong but the evidence cannot be dismissed casually, though of course it will be. One picture is worth a thousand words and NASA has given us visible proof to suggest Elenin is playing a role in events down here on our planet even from a long distance. It is not a time for fear; rather it is a time for love and cooperation in the context of preparation on all levels for what is to come.

There is a history to Elenin that has been visible for years but now she is upon us and there is nothing we can do but prepare and pray—and love like we have never loved before. We have to acknowledge and accept that there is a danger and there is a possibility that part of our civilization and the people in it will be lost. The below video displays what has been known by NASA for decades.

The whole solar system seems to be heating up, the sun is becoming active and earth-changing events are becoming more frequent and intense with beyond-worst-case-scenario climate changes hitting around the globe.

We have increasing geo-activity, volcanoes, earthquakes, rogue tides, sinking islands, magnetic pole migration, mass animal deaths, huge unexplained whirlpools in the Atlantic and so much more it would make anyone’s head spin.

We were tipped off to something unusual happening when Greenland experienced sunrise two days early, which was a strong sign that something was off with Earth’s orbit. On January 25th I said:

There is a lot of information (except in the mainstream press) about 2012 and the end of the Mayan Calendar that many are obsessing over but there is more than enough in 2011 to worry about and act on. Last week I was knocked off my chair with the report from the Arctic Circle in Greenland that the sun came back over the horizon two days early. That’s no small occurrence, is not something easy to make up, is not being reported as expected in the mainstream press, and only wild and stupid theories like global warming (since we really have rapid cooling) are being blamed for the event.

Next Few Months:

August 3, 2011 marks the time that the earth passes through the brown dwarf perigee position, while the brown dwarf is crossing the earth orbit location. About two weeks pass and on August 18 the brown dwarf crosses the Venus orbit some 67 million miles from the sun.

Then 24 days pass to when the brown dwarf reaches the nearest point to the sun at 44.73 million miles. September 25, 2011 marks the time that the earth passes through the second conjunction with the sun, brown dwarf, Mercury, Saturn and Uranus in line for another gravitational alignment.

This video from the top of a mountain in Japan seems to have caught Elenin on camera.

October 2 is the day that the brown dwarf crosses Venus’ orbit again to begin trekking in the direction of earth. Two weeks go by and the brown dwarf crosses the earth orbit line to pass directly in front of our planet at just 22.3 million miles away, which is the nearest point in our encounter.

The brown dwarf crosses the Mars orbit line on November 14, 2011 on the way to the third conjunction on November 22 where the earth once again passes directly between the two like on March 15.


An approaching brown dwarf star answers a lot of questions about what is happening all around us that others simply cannot begin to answer.

No one really knows what will happen in the fall of this year as this incoming celestial body gets between us and the sun and then rebounds out again and heading directly into earth’s neighborhood.

One person has speculated that it could rip our moon loose. It could hit us if its flight plan is changed by hitting an asteroid in the next few days. That could be possible if it really were a comet, but if it is a neutron star with a large mass, nothing will deflect its ordained path.

If we are lucky, nothing will happen but humanity is not looking or feeling lucky these days.

What seems likely is what most of the ancient cultures and religions remember—huge floods that pass the world over. The only way the world can have a global flood is if there is some event like an asteroid impact, polar shift, or a very dense object passing close by earth that causes a massive tsunami tide. The gravitational pull would grab the water and pull it over the land on a massive scale, much like the moon does today on a smaller scale in the form of tides.

Safe Zones:
1. Move 150+ miles from the coasts.
2. Move 600 feet above sea level.
3. Move away from volcanoes and super volcanoes like Yellowstone in northwestern USA.
4. Move away from earthquake/seismic/avalanche/fault zones like the New Madrid Fault Zone in central USA.
5. Move away from dams that will break.
6. Move away from nuclear power plants that could become compromised.
7. Move away from high elevations where radiation levels will be highest.
8. Move away from large population areas where food riots will escalate into chaos and mayhem.
9. Join into survival groups with people of like mind that have survival supplies, gear and guns to protect them.

There is no shortage of flood legends. The earliest extant flood legend is contained in the fragmentary Sumerian Eridu Genesis, datable by its script to the 17th century BCE.

In the Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh there are references to the Great Flood (tablet 11). The best-known version of the Jewish deluge legend is contained in the Book of Genesis (Genesis 6-9).

God selects Noah, a man who “found favor in the eyes of the Lord” and commands him to build an ark to save Noah, his family, and the earth’s animals and birds. After Noah builds the ark, “All the fountains of the great deep burst open, and the floodgates of the sky were opened.”

There are many sources of flood legends in ancient Chinese literature. The Shujing, or “Book of History,” probably written around 500 BCE or earlier, states in the opening chapters that Emperor Yao is facing the problem of flood waters that “reach to the heavens.” According to the Australian aborigines the water covered the land. Only the highest mountain peaks were visible, like islands in the sea.


Will Earthbound Comet Fulfill 2012 Prophecy?

It's nearly 300 million miles away and barreling toward us. The intruder from deep space, called called comet Elenin, crosses Earth's orbit on its inbound leg and again on its outbound swing around the sun later this year.

Russian astronomer Leonid Elenin discovered the innocuous little comet on Dec. 10, 2010, at International Scientific Optical Network's robotic observatory near Mayhill, New Mexico.

Presently the comet is a faint smudge of light in deep sky exposures. By late August comet Elenin should be visible to the naked eye as a dim "fuzzy star" with a tail. Over a few weeks the visitor will speed across the spring constellation Virgo and toward Leo on its outbound leg.


A dizzying collection of doomsday predictions have been linked to comet Elenin. The hysteria was inevitable as anxiety grows over the approach of 2012 -- that is supposedly a game-changing year for life on Earth. At least according to some interpretations of the ancient Mayan calendar.

If you believe the gobbledygook on numerous websites and YouTube videos, this is a "renegade comet" that just couldn't wait for 2012 to mess with the Earth.

Though it's now over twice as far away from Earth than the sun is, comet Elenin has already been blamed for triggering earthquakes and shifting Earth's rotation axis. The comet has also been accused of melting ice on Mars and stirring up a storm on Saturn. It's predicted to flip Earth's magnetic field.

And that's just the beginning. There are numerous "Cometgate" allegations of news media and government cover-up, and the existence of hidden comet shelters for U.S. officials.

The timing of the MESSENGER spacecraft's deceleration in orbit around Mercury last week is also suspect because our innermost planet supposedly "aligns" with the comet's position this month.

Reality Check:

Comet Elenin will sweep nearest to Earth on Oct. 16 at a distance of 21 million miles and be moving fast enough to travel the distance from Earth to the moon in under five hours!

The effects of the comet on Earth at closest approach will be as inconsequential as that of a mosquito slamming head-on into an ocean-going supertanker.

Let's look at the physics. Comet Elenin is a loose agglomeration of volatile ices and dust a few miles across. It is therefore one hundred billionth the mass of our moon. (The relative difference is roughly the same as the mass of a mosquito vs. the mass of an oil supertanker.)

The comet will pass no closer to us than 84 times the Earth-moon distance.

Applying Isaac Newton’s laws of gravity, this means the comet's tidal pull on Earth -- at closest approach -- will be approximately one-hundred trillionth the force of the moon's tidal pull on Earth. And, we all now know that despite the dreaded Supermoon hype last week, there were no monster storms or earthquakes triggered by our satellite's gravitational tug at closest approach to Earth.


What's more, comets get the worst end of the deal when they venture near larger bodies -- just like that mosquito slamming into the supertanker.

Some comets dive-bomb the sun routinely. What happens? They disintegrate into pieces.

The same held true for comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 that was ripped apart by tidal forces when it ventured too close to Jupiter. When the comet pieces plunged into Jupiter in 1994, the planet simply belched a few mushroom clouds from titanic impact explosions.

On May 11, 1983 comet IRAS-Araki-Alcock swept within 3 million miles of Earth –- one of the closest comet approaches in modern times. The visitor looked as big as the full moon and sped across a wide swath of sky in just a few days.

That same day saw an explosion of protests in Santiago, Chile against the decade-long rule of General Augusto Pinochet. Unless you’re an astrologer, the comet's influence was not to blame.

The closest ever-recoded flyby of Earth was comet Lexell in 1770, which passed at 1.4 million miles. On Jan. 26th that year a magnitude 9 earthquake took place off the west coast of the North America.

Similarly, many coincidences will happen this year that people will want to blame on comet Elenin. The most bizarre link is that the comet's closest approach to the sun happens on the 10th anniversary of the combined terrorist attacks on the U.S. "Is it a coincidence that Elenin could be seen as "Elevennine" (9/11 backwards)?" asks one conspiracy website.

In the cosmic scheme of things, comet Elenin is simply a nice target for backyard sky watchers to follow. But Earth as a planet isn't phased at all.


Perhaps the closest approach of comet Elenin to a Main-belt asteroid

Comet C/2010 X1 (Elenin) is approaching the inside edge of the Main asteroid belt. Close approaches to asteroids is becoming increasingly rare, but May 21, 2011 we were able to photograph one of the most interesting approaches mentioned earlier.

May 21st at 00:52 UT Comet Elenin and asteroid (74732) 1999 RQ176 passed each other at a distance of only 225,830 km, which amounts to 0.59 the average distance between the Earth and Moon.

In addition, based on measurements from those same images, the size of the comet’s coma has exceeded 100,000 km, and probably in reality the coma is still larger, and we could see it on images taken with the largest telescopes. If we were on this asteroid we would have seen a simply spectacular view!

On the image at left, taken 3 hours after closest approach, you can see how close the two objects came. Asteroid 1999 RQ176 is a rather large representative of the Flora family, and has a diameter of about 2.7 km.

In a month and a half, the comet will cross the orbit of Mars reaching a heliocentric distance of 1.5 a.u., and in the opinion of well-known astronomer John Bortle, at that time the fun begins.


The Sun will destroy all means of communication on Earth in 2013

A frightening forecast was published recently by experts of Space Agency NASA. According to American astronomers, in 2013, after years of hibernation, the Sun will wake up, and Earth will be threatened with unfortunate consequences.

Widespread outbreaks on the hot star can lead to a global failure of satellite communications. As a result, the planet is awaiting chaos.

In his report, Defense Secretary Liam Fox noted that the perfect electromagnetic storm will lead to a technogenic disaster on Earth. He reinforced his words with the recent statistics which indicates that the surface temperature of hot stars is rapidly increasing.

Solar storms will generate a great level of radiation that will affect the Earth's magnetic field. This could prove to be a collapse for the humanity - trains and planes will stop, GPS-navigation will be affected, mobile and radio networks will disappear.

As Liam Fox stressed in his address, the society is too dependent on technology, and this makes it very vulnerable. Natural protectors of Earth will simply not cope with the "riot" of the Sun, which will lead to the failure of all computers.

Also, due to solar activity banking system can be affected, The DailyMail reports.
Failures in electric power around the world can stretch from hours to several months. However, negative consequences of this outbreak can be minimized if we prepare for the collapse in advance.

Scientists have been investigating solar activity for 11 years. Previous years have been rather quiet. But, according to experts, this is the calm before this storm. Rings of fire, ready to escape from the surface of the Sun in the near future, are equal to a hundred hydrogen bombs in terms of power. If their destructive power reaches Earth, it will cause great economic losses. According to preliminary estimates, they will be 20 times greater than the damage from the famous Hurricane Katrina.

For information: solar flares are the most powerful of all manifestations of solar activity. The energy of a large solar flare reaches 1032 erg, which is approximately 100 times greater than the thermal energy that could be obtained by burning all known oil and coal reserves on Earth.

Strongest corpuscular flow perturbs the magnetic field of our planet, resulting in very fast and strong change its characteristics. Particles moving at speeds of 400-1000 km / s, reach earth's atmosphere within a day or two. This process is called magnetic storm.

It has long been known that solar flares provoke magnetic storms on Earth. In those days, doctors ask weather-sensitive people to be careful and avoid stress, both physical and emotional, because such cosmic phenomena increase the risk of cardiac diseases. It was observed that 13% of cases of myocardial infarction occur during magnetic storms.

Typically, these storms are accompanied by disturbances of the ionosphere, which in particular leads to interruptions in radio communication. Solar flares are a frequent and quite serious phenomenon. It is accompanied by a surge of electromagnetic radiation that can cause irreparable harm to our planet.


The Sun May be Entering a "Period of Low Activity"

U.S. scientists said the sun might be entering a virtual state of "hibernation."

For some time researchers have pointed out that the number of black spots from the sun, which usually range-has decreased, indicating that the star has entered a period of low activity.

The sun goes through cycles of about 11 years. Some are very active, which is manifested in intense rays and plenty of gas emissions and this is followed by a period of more calm.

For several years the star is at low intensity and scientists hoped that, following this logic, at this point should be entering one of the most active, scheduled for 2013.

But now researchers at the U.S. National Solar Observatory and Air Force laboratory indicate that this may not happen.

The investigation determined that the next cycle could be as low intensity it or not occur. "This is very unusual and unexpected," said Professor Frank Hill, National Solar Observatory researcher.

Impact on Earth

But what does this mean for us here on Earth?

In a possible future great minimum, the Sun would cool the planet up to a degree, but are expected to contribute to greenhouse gases raise the temperature between 1.5 and 4.5 degrees by 2100. "

Some have begun to speculate that this could lead to a drop in temperatures, but Professor Joanna Haigh, Professor of Atmospheric Physics at Imperial College London, said it depends on many factors.

He noted that in addition to the 11-year cycles of the sun, this star has longer periods of time where their activity varies.

"In addition to the 11-year cycles come and go, there are longer cycles in which the number of black spots does not increase or disappear completely and when this happens there is what is called a" grand minimum, "said Joanna Haigh.

The last of these "big bottom" occurred in the mid-seventeenth century and lasted 70 years, he explained, this time the temperature dropped by about 1 degree in northern Europe and in less than half a degree globally.

A cold planet?
Does that mean the same thing will happen now?

Predicting solar activity is very difficult, Joanna Haigh said, "but even if these predictions materialize, it would be very risky to believe that the sun will offset the impact of global warming."

"In a possible future grand minimum, the Sun would cool the planet up to a degree, but are expected to contribute to greenhouse gases raise the temperature between 1.5 and 4.5 degrees by 2100."

In other words, "even if the predictions are correct, global warming will greatly exceed the Sun's ability to cool the planet, even the best estimates."

He also recalled that the cooling effect would be temporary.

"You have to take into account that the sun will eventually this" grand minimum "if at all, and we would be with high emissions of greenhouse gases and increased activity of the sun, and do not want to be there."

June 17, 2011

Bugarach threatened by sects of Revelation

The small village of Bugarach, in southern France, has attracted the attention of a government agency to oversee the sects because of the constant mass of people visiting it believed to be the only place in the world that will survive the Apocalypse in 2012 .

A report by the agency, Miviludes, released Wednesday, notes that the picturesque village near Carcassonne should be monitored closely in the days prior to December 21, 2012, when many believe the world will end, according to an ancient Mayan prophecy .

Miviludes was created in 2002 to control the activity of sects, after a law passed last year criminalize fraud or abuse of vulnerable people through pressure techniques as those used in religious rites.

Surrounded by legends for years, Bugarach and rock, the peak Bugarach have attracted many visitors to the New Age movement in recent months, driving up property prices but also the threat of financial scams and psychological manipulations, said Miviludes in his report.

"I think we have to be careful. We should not become paranoid, but seeing what happened in Waco, United States, we know that this kind of thinking can influence vulnerable people," said council president, Georges Fenech, a Reuters.

Waco, Texas, made headlines in 1993 when federal agents raided the headquarters of "Davidian movement" led by David Koresh, beginning a siege that lasted 50 days. The building was on fire when the troops finally tried to enter, leaving 80 dead.

Bugarach, with a population of just 200 inhabitants, has always been considered magical, partly because of what locals defined as a "mountain upside down", where layers of rock from the top are older than the base.

The Internet is an infinite number of myths about the place: the mountain is surrounded by a magnetic force, which is the site of a hidden alien base until it contains an underground access to another world.

Now, many see the village as the last refuge from the proximity of the "End of the World." Alerted to the arrival of visitors by Mayor Bugarach, Fenech went to the area and found six settlements in the surroundings created by members of the Ramtha School of Enlightenment.

Other "gurus" and messianic groups have organized conferences payment in hotels in the region, according to Fenech. "This is big business," he told Reuters.

Founded by J.Z. Knight, the school says the lessons follow mystic Ramtha, Lemurian warrior who fought against the residents of the mythical Atlantis 35,000 years ago and claimed to discover the secret of immortality.

The report says his goal is not to stigmatize the movement, but to inform the public about "groups or individuals whose speech doctrine or follow the theory of the 'end of the world'."

Solar Storms On the Rise?


Solar activity peaks every decade or so, and we're entering a period – 2012-2014 – in which the sun is "waking up," according to NASA.

Solar storms occur when an eruption or explosion on the sun's surface propels high-energy sunlight, radiation or a cloud of electrically-charged particles towards our planet. A large storm can release as much energy as 1 billion hydrogen bombs.

And solar activity can directly affect life on Earth. Take 1859, for example, when a solar flare caused a geomagnetic storm, wiping out telegraph poles and sparking multiple fires in the United States and Europe. The Northern Lights were also observed as far south as Cuba and Hawaii. During another period of solar maximum in 1989, six million people in Quebec were left without power for approximately nine hours.

Photo Credit: NASA

According to NASA, solar activity has a regular cycle, peaking every 11 years or so. But they say that no special risk is associated with this next period of activity, that it's "no different than previous cycles throughout history."

But this predicted peak of activity sparks worry among many people... Our modern, technological world is more sensitive to geomagnetic storms than in was in 1859. If a solar storm like that the one in 1859 occurred again today, what would happen?

The National Academy of Sciences recently warned that a "century-class solar storm could cause twenty times more economic damage than Hurricane Katrina." Our communications systems – air travel, financial services, GPS navigations, Smart power grids and emergency radio – would be at risk. Consider simple transactions (like using a credit card at a gas station), which go through a GPS satellite. NPR reported that a solar storm could cause millions of people to be without electricity, running water or phone service. Add to that heat and air conditioning. And not just for hours or days... but potentially months or years. And the financial effects – in the trillions of dollars – would be devastating.

But experts insist there's no need to panic. "We need to pay attention to space weather," NOAA administrator Jane Lubchenco said at the AAAS meeting. "The watchword is, predict and prepare."

Possible disaster plans include improving solar storm predictions in order to provide more accurate forecasting. Then, even with just a few hours' notice, power companies can safeguard expensive transformers by taking them 'offline' before the storm strikes. NASA talks of switching satellites into safe mode and turning off transformers.


Terror Halley's Comet in 1910


Since in 1705 the astronomer Edmund Halley calculated its orbit, the comet named after her name has continued to make regular visits every 75 - 76 years.

The last time could be observed in 1986, a year in which astronomical and technological advances were highly developed. But the time before this, in 1910, was accompanied by a wealth of misinformation, hysteria and doomsday announcements.

The development of events was as follows:

In 1908 Professor Daniel Walter Morehouse discovered a new comet (that now bears his name) and that its tail containing gases, including gas cyanogen.

Cyanogen gas is related to the poisonous cyanide and contact with people is highly toxic.

Prof. Morehouse began a series of talks and lectures in which he spoke of the new comet discovered by him and the harmful gas it contained. Took advantage of these talks to speak of Comet Halley, who is expected between 18 and 19 May 1910.

It was estimated that at that time Earth crosses the comet's tail.

The mixture of different information and confusing the public attending the conference made quickly had the belief that the tail of Comet Halley was the possessor of cyanogen gas.

The rumor began to spread until it reached the press, in need of news impact, began to publish all sorts of conjectures, cartoons and newspaper articles on the visit of the comet and the end of the world.

Much of the population was convinced he would die and the newspapers were happy to produce and publish news about the impending disaster.

But the press did not only economically profitable announcing the end of the world because of Comet Halley. Most savvy entrepreneurs began marketing all kinds of items and souvenirs.

They sell stamps, postcards, silver spoons and countless objects.

The scientific community was quick to assure the public that the passage of Halley's Comet would have no impact on the planet and the health of people, but such was the publicity had made the announcement of the end of the world, that the notice of scientists went completely unnoticed.

Then came the appointed day. Tens of thousands of people around the world waited in fear the passage of the comet with its poisonous tail, and even more fearful committed suicide. But after the passage of Earth through the tail of Comet Halley reached the end of the world, just the atmosphere was filled with a strange sense of light frost.

June 16, 2011

The Human Species Will Disappear in 200 Years

Again, the famous scientist and genius of our time, Stephen Hawking, has predicted the end of humanity.For the physicist, humanity is in grave danger and their future is in space to survive, as stated in an interview with Big Think, and believes that humanity will be extinct by the end of this millennium if the establishment is not occurs.
That humanity has survived in the past "has been a matter of luck," according to Stephen Hawking as an example the missile crisis in Cuba, in 1963, when the two military powers of that time, the United States and the Soviet Union , came close to nuclear confrontation. "The frequency of these events will likely increase in the future and need to be careful, and know better, to overcome them successfully."

Not only will you need to spend 1,000 years for humanity to become the planet uninhabitable, according to Hawking, or 1,000 million years required for the Sun to the Earth becomes a desert, there is also the possibility that an asteroid , a black hole or a supernova end to all humanity.

"We need to start thinking seriously about how we are freed from the confines of this planet's dying," Stephen Hawking

But Stephen Hawking had already warned in another interview, in early 2010, that space exploration would not be without risks in addition to the biological constraints that human beings possess to find habitable planets according to their characteristics.

He also warned of the risk of contact with other life forms. "Humans must be very cautious about contacts with other life forms that may be in outer space because it can not be sure that the aliens are friendly," said Hawking.

Nevertheless, Stephen Hawking is optimistic and says that if humanity is capable of colonizing outer space over the next two hundred years, the future is assured. He also said in the interview that "the human race should not put all your eggs in one basket, ie a single planet in this way to have more that guaranteed survival in different places and that" hopefully the basket We currently do not fall before they spread their content. "

By saying "a hundred years, all bald" Now we should add "and two hundred extinct" as the scientist's thoughts every time you make an interview leaves no one indifferent

June 15, 2011

The Earth after humans

In a review of studies documenting how will the Earth after humans have collapsed all ecological systems. It talks about the consequences and possible recovery of the planet, no longer human.

Nobel laureate Paul Crutzen proposed ten years ago the word Anthropocene to give birth to a powerful idea: human activity is now affecting Earth so deeply that we are entering a new geological era.

You might accept Anthropocene as geological period, but still end up being the shortest of all and the last. It is not difficult to imagine a time to finish just a few hundred years it has started, in an orgy of global warming and overconsumption.

Suppose that this latter occurs. The human footprint on the natural world, ever expanding in the last two or three centuries, leading to ecological collapse and mass extinction. Without fossil fuels to support agriculture, humanity would be in difficulties.

A lot of things have to die, and a lot of these things will be humans, said Tony Barnosky, a paleontologist at the University of Berkeley. In the most pessimistic scenarios society would collapse, leaving behind a few thousand people who lead a precarious existence in a new Stone Age.

If our species survives or not is difficult to predict, but what is the fate of Earth itself? It is often said that when it comes to saving the planet really are talking about saving ourselves, because the planet will be fine without us.

But would it be so, or the cataclysm at the end of the Anthropocene so severely damage the world would become a wasteland and barren? The only way to tell is to look at the history of our planet. Neither climate change and mass extinctions are unique to the current time. The Earth has gone through them before. So what can we expect this time?

Consider the greenhouse warming. The main concern of climatologists is that global warming push the Earth's climate system beyond two peaks that would make things dramatically worse.

The first would be the emission of carbon dioxide from the permafrost. As the Arctic becomes warmer, the decomposition of the peat will issue 3 billion tons of carbon (perhaps exceeding 3 billion tonnes that human beings could issue to consume all the fossil fuel conceivable).

The second is the emission of methane stored in clathrates in ocean sediments. As the ocean warms, methane (a potent greenhouse gas) into the atmosphere and will contribute even more to global warming, thereby accelerating a vicious cycle.

If we put all the fossil fuels in the atmosphere, temperatures would reach the point where both stocks of carbon would be released, says oceanographer David Archer of the University of Chicago. Nobody knows how warming would be catastrophic.

This is the reason why climate scientists are looking with increasing interest at the time 55 million years ago called the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum, when temperatures rose 9 degrees Celsius in a few thousand years (approximately the current rate climate prediction).

It is the most recent time in which there was a rapid warming, says Peter Wilf, a paleobotanist Esatdo University of Pennsylvania. And precisely because it was so recent, there are still rocks that have record of the event.

By the measures of ocean sediments deposited in the thermal maximum, geochemist James Zachos of the University of California at Santa Cruz, has found that warming coincided with a large increase in levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide.

Between 5 and 9 billion tons of carbon entered the atmosphere at no more than 20,000 years (Nature, vol 432, p 495). Where did that amount of carbon? Volcanic activity can not account for the increase of carbon dioxide, says Zachos.

Instead, he blames the breakdown of peat, which could have resulted not from the melting of permafrost (it was too hot to have permafrost at that time), but a change that made the world more dry. The fossil record of plants at the time testified that episode of drought.

Spike of carbon:

If Zachos and his collaborators are right, then 55 million years ago the earth went through a crisis similar to what is happening now: a sudden surge of carbon dioxide, followed by an uncontrolled release even more greenhouse gases emissions.

What happened next can let us take a look at what is expected to occur if the present crisis hit with full force. Geochemists have long known that when a pulse of carbon dioxide enters the air, most of it dissolves in the surface layers of ocean before gradually disperse into deeper water.

In a few centuries it reaches equilibrium with about 85% of carbon dioxide dissolved in the oceans and 15% in the atmosphere. This carbon dioxide persists tens or hundreds of thousands of years (which Archer believes he will be the "long tail" of the Anthropocene).

Until recently, however, climate models were a bit confused about what it would be this trail. Until studies of the past we had some degree of uncertainty in the models? Zachos said. Their studies are beginning to clarify these uncertainties.

Carbonate rocks of the ocean floor show that the oceans were too acid for the recovery of emissions (Science, vol 308, p 1611).

But this extreme acidification lasted only between 10,000 and 20,000 years, a blink in the eye of standard geological time, and the oceans returned to near normal conditions after the next 150,000 years. Even the storage of peat and methane hydrates may have been regenerated in 2 million years, Zachos said, because at that time the world suffered another crisis of carbon, which they had to be involved peat or clathrates.

This suggests that the long wake of the Anthropocene is unlikely to last more than 2 million years (even a short geological standards). However, the actual carbon recovery differs from the late Paleocene an important factor: our planet is now colder than at the time, so the warming will have more profound effects

. During the late Paleocene the world was warm and ice free. Now we have a bright white polar ice caps reflect sunlight into space. The melting of this ice will result in dark areas of rock and soil to absorb solar energy.

And the merger will raise the sea level, which will cause the permafrost to thaw more quickly, pushing the warming even further. This extra hit Earth could get out of this cycle of glacial and interglacial periods and bring it back to a former state warmer.

The Earth was free of ice for millions of years:

The present ice ages have occurred only during the last 35 million years, so we could get us out of ourselves there, said Pieter Tans, an atmospheric scientist at NOAA in Boulder (Colorado).

Even so, the new world free of ice would return to a state vaguely familiar. In this reading of the evidence, including the most dramatic climatic catastrophe would be unlikely to push the physical limits of the Earth into uncharted territory. Not so fast, says James Hansen, director of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies at NASA.

He argues that past episodes are a good guide to what's going to happen in the future for the simple reason that the sun is a little brighter now than then.

Add this mixture to release methane and carbon dioxide could give rise to a catastrophic and unstoppable global warming called "syndrome of Venus" would cause the boiling of the oceans and Earth lead to a similar fate to that of its neighbor roasted .

What would happen to life on Earth?

If Hansen is correct, the Earth would be directed toward sterilization. But if the scenario is more benign would be a different story. Biologists say it may already be at the beginning of an extinction event that could potentially result in one of the largest mass extinction events, one that would alter the course of evolution.

Strangely, the Thermal Maximum climate changes did not result in great loss of biodiversity. Nobody pointed out to the edge as the Paleocene-Eocene boundary of a large animal species.

Not even a minor, said Scott Wing, a paleobotanist the Smithsonian in Washington DC. Instead, the fossil record simply shows how species migrated, following their preferred climate throughout the globe. Today, of course, that's not possible due to the presence of roads, cities and farmlands that have broken many natural habitats.

Polar and alpine species will find their habitats will have vanished completely, not to mention the other ways in which people put endangered species.

We are in a "storm total" in terms of biodiversity concerns, says David Jablonski, a paleontologist at the University of Chicago. Not only are we overfishing and overhunting.

Not only are we changing the chemistry of the atmosphere and ocean acidification. Not only are we removing large animals. We are doing this simultaneously. Despite this, Jablonski believes that humans are not capable of causing a mass extinction comparable to that of the Permian, 251 million years ago, when an estimated 96% disappeared marine species and 70% of the land.

If the Anthropocene mass extinction possibly equal in magnitude to the Permian or less than something that is still evolving on the table deck.

Once again, the past gives us an idea of ​​what to expect. The fossil record tells us that each species behaves differently because each has its own unique causes.

However, there is one common factor: the species most at risk are those with narrow geographical range. Studies Jablonski has made snails show that species with planktonic larvae (which are widely dispersed) resist better than other species with more restricted distribution (Science, vol 279, p 1327).

World of cockroaches:

Add to that massive disruption of habitat, said Jablonski, the recovery of life after the end of the Anthropocene. Small-bodied animals, high rates of reproduction and the ability to exploit disturbed habitats will demonstrate all the advantages.

It is a kind of world with rats and cockroaches herbs, says Jablonski. The wave of species extinction sweep in a fairly predictable. First likely lose species already in danger, then come the following, Barnosky said.

Eventually reach the species that we believe are not in danger at present, for example, many African herbivores today seem to have healthy populations. However, predictions about the fate of a particular species are nearly impossible, and that luck plays a role.

The survivors will probably be more or less a random selection of herbaceous plants and opportunistic animals, notes Doug Erwin of the Smithsonian. If the Anthropocene ends with a mass extinction, the fossil record tells us much about the recovery. If the news is good or bad depends on your perspective. Recovery is quick from the geological point of view, but from the human point of view is incredibly slow.

We're talking millions of years, says Jablonski. Immediately after a mass extinction, the evidence from the fossil record suggest that ecosystems reach a state of shock for several million years.

For many millions of years after the Permian extinction, for example, the marine environment of the world was dominated by the same 25 or 30 species.

It's boring, "says Erwin. Something similar happened on land after the Cretaceous extinction. The North American plant fossils testify before the event that ecosystems flourish, with a variety of insects feeding on a wide variety of plants.

After sunset, however, both the diversity of plants as insect declined dramatically, with some feeding methods that disappeared almost completely. After that, confusion reigns for 10 million years.

According to the fossils were various combinations: one with few insects and plants, some with many insects but few plants, others with many plants and few insects, everything except the settings that ecologists call "normal" (Science, vol 313, p 1112).

At no time can we have what is called a healthy ecosystem with a diversity of insects feeding on a wide range of plants says Wilf.

Diversity remained low, with few new species to evolve. Just try to resist, says Erwin. A study of marine fossil diversity supports the same.

Nearly a decade ago, James Kirchner, University of Berkeley, and Anne Weil of Duke University (North Carolina), took a database of all marine fossils and used to determine how closely the peaks were speciation of the peaks of extinction (Nature, vol 404, p 177).

As everyone thought that when there is an extinction once recovery starts immediately, said Kirchner, now at the Swiss Federal Research Institute for Forest Snow and Landscape Birmensdorf. Instead they found that the peak of speciation was 10 million years after the extinction.

We almost fell off our chairs, he says. In fact, during the first billion years after the extinction of speciation rate actually dropped.

This suggests something like a wound biosphere. Extinction events not only remove organisms in the ecosystem, leaving plenty of opportunities to diversify into new species.

Instead, what we think happens is that the niches themselves collapse, so no new bodies have emerged to fill them. Niches cease to exist by themselves, says Kirchner.

Eventually, however, the evolution ends up winning, and after a few tens of millions of years recovering biodiversity. Sometimes, as after the Ordovician extinction of 440 million years ago, the new scheme is much like before.

But more often emerges a new mundo.No restore previous chessboard, but are redesigning a new game, says Erwin. In the Permian, the oceans were dominated by filter feeders, hows the brachiopods and sea lilies, which lived all his life anchored to the bottom. The predators were scarce. That all changed after extinction, resulting Lujar a more rich and dynamic ecosystem.

From my point of view of the Permian extinction was the best thing that could happen to life on Earth, says Erwin. Then, in a perverse way, in the end the lesson is positive. Even if over-crowded and to return to the Stone Age, the Earth will probably survive. Life will continue.

When the wake of the Anthropocene is gone, and what little there was left of humanity is gone, a new geological era appear. A shame that no one there to give it a name.

June 14, 2011

We have to prepare for future asteroid impacts

Astronaut Pedro Duque has advocated today by making investments to predict and prepare for the possibility that an asteroid hits the Earth, which would be "the largest natural disaster" that could happen.

Duke was speaking at the launch of XLVI National Congress of the Spanish Society of Intensive Care Medicine, Critical and Coronary Units (SEMICYUC), held until 15 June at the Bilbao Exhibition Centre (BEC) in Barakaldo (Vizcaya) with the presence of more than 1,500 intensive medical professionals.

Pedro Duque, the first Spanish astronaut of the European Space Agency (ESA) in space in 1998, has participated in the conference with a lecture on medical research and innovation in space and talked about the risk of collision of a asteroid like Apophis.

Duque noted that the fall of an asteroid would be "the largest natural disaster that could ever happen on Earth, which can not match any earthquake or tsunami," but stated that it is the only one that can "predict mathematically "and" prevent. "

"From the technical point of view if it could act and prevent these things, but it takes a series of initial investment to have in place the apparatus", plus "training to do it well at the time of the catastrophe arrives ", has held the astronaut.

He recalled that the asteroid Apophis will pass close to Earth in 2029 and 2036 but is expected to go to cause a catastrophe, but has found it necessary to "invest in a development program of the possible models for the prevention of such disasters" for to act if they occur.

On the other hand, Duque stressed that the planet is suffering a "severe assault" by the action of man, by the emission of gases into the atmosphere and the destruction of land vegetation cover, and says that "it is possible that if we and fall into a state of shock the world. "

In addition, the Spanish astronaut has referred to research carried out in space on medicine and has highlighted the study of physiology and human biology and the effects of weightlessness.

Astronaut Pedro Duque, during the press conference given today before delivering the lecture "Apophis threat: Monitoring and intensive care to protect the land" within the Congress of the Spanish Society of Intensive Care Medicine, Critical and Coronary Units.

June 13, 2011

Christchurch Earthquake 13/6/2011

Sky News reports 5.2 moments before 6.0 hits New Zealand 6/13/2011

Two quakes rock New Zealand [CNN: 6-13-2011]

More strong earthquakes hit Christchurch - 13th June 2011

The Danger of Solar Storms

Something so common and ancient as a solar storm can take us to hell, all of civilization.Sun's magnetic field and can reach 1,000 kilometers per second.

In the course of his journey through the vastness of the universe, all these materials 'vomited' for the nearest star to our planet, could reach the Earth and produce a geomagnetic storm, which can affect radio communications, satellite braking, auroral activity, and even the safety of astronauts in Earth orbit.

The Space Weather Prediction Center has suggested that, as of 18:00 am this June 8, 2011, geomagnetic storm is expected to be low and middle levels, which remain active between 12 and 24 hours.

The good news is that Earth has a protective layer, magnetosphere, whose mission is to external magnetic forces deflect toward the poles and makes the solar wind pass over without causing damage.

The bad news is that experts consider it likely that the magnetosphere has a hole similar to the ozone layer, through which the solar storm could penetrate and cause serious damage to communication systems on the planet.

Thus, among the disastrous effects that could cause this phenomenon are the possible collapse of the Internet, electricity, and even affect the navigation systems of airplanes and ships, with the danger that entails.

In fact, by way of prevention, the flights that pass near the vicinity of the magnetic North Pole change their route, as this is the area most vulnerable to this potential solar Revelation.

The Solar Dynamics Observatory cameras captured images of the impressive explosion. The eruption, which scientists say will not have a significant impact on earth, reached its maximum level by creating a mushroom-shaped cloud.

Farewell solar eruption impacted the Earth's magnetic field, which has been observed in the last hours as aurora borealis.

The National Weather Service predicted U.S. minor effects on satellites and impacts on some weak electricity networks.

The images were taken with ultraviolet light, which reflects the impressive eruption of cold gas. Then something so common and ancient as a solar storm can change up the way we live, the energy we use, physics and science that is currently used. We can return to the Middle Ages, or the age of the caves.

It is clear that the U.S. used the chaos to come, from 2011 to 2013 to take over the planet. Energy resources will be among the countries that are ready for these events. Denmark, USA, Russia is prepared to survive.
During the storm, of a size not known since 2006, the Sun's corona are rather a lot of explosions that are projected tons of fuel, traveling through space in a phenomenon known as solar wind, which carries with it the

Europe warns that Cádiz (Spain) may suffer tsunami with waves up to 13 meters

The earthquake of Lorca in Spain (Saturday marked the one month), which caused nine deaths and nearly 300 injured, has made clear that Spain is not free to large earthquakes.

Obviously without reaching the levels of Japan (the most seismically active country in the world), our soil and our waters have been centered in the last ten days of about 70 earthquakes (1.5 to 4.3 degrees). And last year another 27 have been "significant", all more than 3 degrees, according to the National Seismic Network.

The Lorca, were two (4.5 degrees at 16.05 pm and from 5.2 degrees to 17.47) and showed the damage that can be done on land (1,700 buildings were damaged.)

While scientists warn that the real danger lies in the sea, marine earthquakes. And highlighted three areas in particular "hot": the Gulf of Cadiz, the Balearic and Alboran Sea (Mediterranean waters between Malaga and Alicante).

A study by the European Union (EU), the project 'Transfer', has developed a projection of the effects that might cause tsunamis in Europe. And in Spain the most dangerous area is the Gulf of Cadiz.

There, a strong earthquake in 1755 in the so-called Bank of Corridge, in the waters of Cape San Vicente, with more than 8 degrees, caused a large tsunami that devastated Lisbon and came with devastating effects to Cadiz and Huelva areas.
In total there were about 15,000 dead. "Cadiz has been a particularly analyzed for its high risk." said Jose Antonio Alvarez, Professor of Geodynamics at the Complutense University and researcher Transfer Project.

For the Gulf of Cadiz, where the December 17, 2001 was a 6.1 magnitude earthquake that was felt in Madrid, the projections foresee an earthquake of about 8.5 degrees would lead to a wave of between 6 and 13 meters. The tsunami would arrive between 30 and 50 minutes after the rest of the Spanish coast and Portugal.

"Earthquakes are not predictable. We know what faults are generated, but not when. In addition to the devastating 1755 in Cadiz, there was another very strong in the year 210, but have a warning system that detects and determines that damage can cause is important, "says Professor Alvarez.

Risk maps will help develop urban plans for major infrastructures not built near the coast.

Now the next step is to create a national tsunami warning. Western Europe is expected to launch in 2012.

Already been informed that work to the Military Emergency Unit (UME) and Civil Protection, but still no alerts protocol in Spain. In our country only exist in the coastal stations that measure the movement of water near the coast. Are insufficient to detect a submarine landslide and tidal wave plates.

The map that the Spanish scientists have developed Transfer Project is a projection of the effects that cause the tsunami wave arriving at Cadiz. More than 20 neighborhoods would be affected, especially the southern part of the city, the new town of Cádiz, where the Hospital Puerta del Mar, Ramon de Carranza stadium, the port and industrial district of the Vine . Across the Gulf Coast of Cadiz and Huelva areas that are less than ten meters above sea level can be seen flooded by the tsunami effects.

Another danger is the failure of northern Algeria, which threatens the Balearic Islands. This provides an undersea earthquake of up to 7.3 degrees, causing waves of 3 to 4 meters. In the failures of the Mediterranean such as the Carboneras (Almería) and Alhama (Murcia), the intensity of the tsunami provided ranges from 6 to 7 degrees, with waves about 3 feet high.

Breaking news:Two new earthquakes around the New Zealand city of Christchurch

A new earthquake, of magnitude 6, hit Christchurch on Monday, the second in the day, announced the American Geophysical Service (USGS).

The second quake was centered 14 kilometers from Christchurch, at a depth of 9 kilometers.

The city, the second largest in New Zealand, had been affected recently by a 5.2-magnitude quake whose epicenter was 10 kilometers from Christchurch, at a depth of 11 kilometers. The first earthquake caused damage, but apparently caused no casualties, police said.

Christchurch has witnessed two major earthquakes in recent months. Much of the city of Christchurch is not inhabited since the earthquake of magnitude 6.3 on February 22 that left 181 people, in what is considered the deadliest earthquake in the country in 80 years.

Christchurch and was hit Sept. 4 by a first quake, magnitude 7, which left dead but not great damage.

These new Earthquakes occur on the day of the opening of an investigation into the collapse of a building in central Christchurch, which left 106 people dead, including 65 foreign students during the earthquake of 22 February.

In late May, scientists investigating on behalf of the government warned that the Christchurch area had a four chance of having another earthquake within a year. The simulations gave a rate of 23% chance of an earthquake of a magnitude between 6 and 7 in the Canterbury region over the next 12 months, according to the scientist Matthew Gerstenberger, institute GNS Science.

Do You Still Believe NASA Is Telling Us The Truth About Comet Elenin? [HD]

June 12, 2011

Collection of scientific theories that failed Part 2

6. Dinosaurs in Venus

Galileo Galilei was the one who rolled her eyes and she was Venus as the moon changes as it had sunlit areas, which could be seen, but had not cratered like the moon, Mercury or Mars. 150 years later, the Russian scientist Majaíl Lomonósoy studied the transit of Venus against the Sun and discovered that it possessed an atmosphere ... reason to imagine a world in it, where the continuous rain and tropical heat fauna including insects, amphibians of all kinds and even dinosaurs. In 1920, the Mount Wilson observatory found that Venus was dry without detectable levels of water as low-echo theory.

7. Lamarck and inherited traits

The scientific contributions of Jean Baptiste Lamarck, occurred between the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, when people began to categorize and sort the elements of nature. Lamarck's work took him, along with other scientists, to discover an evolutionary process that living beings suffer for long periods of time.

This theory is called Gradualism, which was also defended by Darwin. Lamarck said that changes in an organism during its life were heredaos to their descendants: if a giraffe to grow your neck to reach food better, and as this was an advantage, transmitting to their offspring. But evolution is not defined by survival of the fittest, as believed but by differential reproduction, ie, greater number of offspring.

8. Underwater City

Man's need to conquer everything in its path led him to think I could live in the sea. The Frenchman Jacques Cousteau was the first to perform experiments to create homes under water in 1962, called Conshelf. The latest version of these rooms lasted three weeks to 100 meters deep.

The Americans also launched its project, called Sealab, in which 9 people lived 150 meters underwater. With these advances, it was thought that very soon there could be undersea colonies, but lost popularity projects. Currently there is only a scientific facility, the Aquarius, submerged to 20 meters deep.

9. The Universe Stationary

This theory was revealed in 1948 by British astronomers Hermann Bondi, Thomas Gold and Fred Hoyle, which was the opposite side of the Big Bang theory. Stationary Universe, claimed that the decrease in density produced by the universe to expand, is offset by a continuous creation of matter. However with the discovery of the cosmic microwave background, lost followers and is now known as alternative cosmology.

10. Terra Australis

Under the theory that the continents on Earth should be balanced, Aristotle thought that there should be a continent south of the planet to make equilibrium with the northern hemisphere landmass. But it was 2000 years later, the sailor, explorer and cartographer Britain, James Cook, made an expedition to find Terra Australis. During his travels he could only find the coast of Australia and New Zealand, which were only islands as earthly balance theory was discarded.

Collection of scientific theories that failed Part 1

1. Earth was the center of the universe

This theory became known as geocentric, which places the Earth at the center of the universe, and stars including the Sun, orbiting it. Since the sixth century C., it was said that the Earth was above everything and the sun, moon and planets were holes around her. Plato and Aristotle combined two theories, that the earth was spherical and that itself was in the center of the universe.

Copernicus was the first counter, he said that the Earth and other planets rotated around the sun

2. Infinite speed of light

Unable to measure the speed of light, physicists thought that its speed was infinite. This theory was accepted by Aristotle and supported by Descartes, however philosophers like Empedocles and Avicenna did not support it, but had no such support otherwise.

Galileo, put two people with flashlights in different mountains: the first was turning his flashlight and saw the light, his partner would do the same. Knowing the distance between people and measuring the time spent, you could calculate the speed of light. With these tests, I can determine that the light was, at least, 10 times faster than sound.

The Danish astronomer Ole Christensen Rømer in 1676, made other measurements, which found that the speed of light was not infinite.

3. Spontaneous generation of life

How to create life? One of the questions man has done all there is. Aristotle thought that animals such as fish and insects, born thanks to the humidity, the sweat and dew. But he thought not only that, Jan Baptista Van Helmont gave the recipe to create mice: we have to put dirty clothes with a few grains of wheat and after 21 days, mice appear fully developed.

The Italian doctor Frascesco Redi, placed three jars with meat, two uncovered and a covered, open appeared in insect larvae. But it was not until the nineteenth century that Louis Pasteur demonstrated that fermentation had its origin in the action of microorganisms. The real scientific explanation that shattered the theory of spontaneous generation of life.

4. The planet Vulcan

To explain how it was that Mercury had a different trajectory than that of other planets in the solar system, said that between the Sun and Mercury was the planet Vulcan, which altered its orbit.

The law of universal gravitation by Newton explained the rotation of the planets except Mercury, for which the French astronomer Le Verrier, proposed that a small planet was guilty of that changed. Many scientists were given the task of seeking to Vulcan, in fact one of them said they had found, but it was Einstein, who with his general theory of relativity and the new interpretation of gravity, explained the slight changes in the orbit of Mercury , which in fact also suffered other planets but smaller dimensions.

5. The impossible alchemy

It was a philosophical school that included 2 000 500 years. Was based on two ideas: they believed that all substances are formed with the four basic elements, water, earth, fire and air. And he said it was possible to obtain substances by appropriate combination of these elements. Obviously in the first place, there are four basic elements, but 117. The positive aspect of this theory is that through research, hundreds of substances, were found the elements.

Earthquake hits El Salvador 11 June 2011

An earthquake measuring 5 degrees on the Richter scale struck Saturday off the coast of El Salvador.

According to the National Service of Territorial Studies (SNET), the movement was recorded at 75 miles south of San Juan del Gozo peninsula, compared Usulután (southeast).

So far there are no reported injuries or damage.

June 9, 2011

More than 3,000 evacuees by the second largest fire of history in Arizona

The second largest fire in Arizona history, the U.S., continued to be active on Wednesday after having destroyed more than 157,000 acres and have forced the evacuation of more than 3,000 people, authorities said.

Residents of the southern sector of the town of Eagar, northeast of the state, received recommendations of escape as flames continued to advance by the White Mountains, and the smoke spread beyond the border of New Mexico.

The Arizona Republic newspaper reported that the authorities have occasionally interrupted electricity supply in small towns in the region to test the distribution network. Besides gasoline became scarce.

More than 2,500 firefighters were working to extinguish the blaze, which began late last May. Until now they could not contain it.

William Bishop, spokesman for the Emergency Team in eastern Arizona, said that firefighters have recommended that residents leave the area which will facilitate the movement of trucks and other equipment to protect homes.

The fire caused smoke that have come to Iowa and forced the diversion of planes that were heading to Albuquerque, about 320 miles east. Smoke has also been sighted in Colorado, Nebraska and Kansas.

dar de alta en buscadores
miguel ángel ramirez alonso

A solar storm can disrupt terrestrial communications

An unusual solar ejection located by a NASA space observatory activity could disrupt satellites and communications and power grids on Earth on Wednesday, warned one responsible.

Since 2006 there had been a solar ejection of such magnitude, according to U.S. National Weather (NWS).

"The Sun suffered on June 7 solar power ejection medium (M-2) with a coronal mass ejection (CME) visually spectacular, " said the observatory's solar dynamic space agency said in a statement.

The space center NWS forecasts described the phenomenon as "spectacular " and "capable of causing a geomagnetic storm, low to moderate on June 8 starting at approximately 1800 GMT. "

This storm "contains a significant amount of high energy protons above 100 megaelectronvoltios (MeV), which had not been produced since December 2006, the statement said.

The geomagnetic storm could cause disruptions in electricity networks, particularly in the GPS satellites, and forcing airliners to change their route over the polar regions

11º - NIBIRU or ELENIN - Why I can't see the Dwarf Star?

June 8, 2011

Huge wildfire in Arizona June 2011

A devastating fire has destroyed nearly 100,000 hectares in the mountainous region of Arizona, in the southeastern United States.

Firefighters battling the blaze but so far have not been controlled and strong dry winds complicate the situation.

The governor of Arizona, Jan Brewer declared a state of emergency on Monday in Apache and Greenlee counties in the mountainous region affected by the flames.

See the images of fire in this video from BBC News:

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